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Industry 4.0, or the 4th Industrial Revolution itself, is the perception and realization of “Intelligent Factories,” with modular structures and cyber-physical systems that oversee physical processes and build a virtual world of the real to make decentralized decisions. The Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems communicate with each other and with humans all the time through cloud computing.

This industry connects machines, assets, and systems, which will enable companies to generate intelligent networks throughout the value chain and control production independently. In this way, companies can have autonomy to schedule maintenance, anticipate process failures and adjust to the requirements and changes required.

Principles of Industry 4.0

For the insertion and development of Industry 4.0, some principles may come to define intelligent production systems. They are:

Real-time operation capability: It is the acquisition and conversion of data in an instant, allowing the solutions in real time.


It proposes the existence of a virtual copy of the intelligent factories. Enabling the remote monitoring and tracking of processes through sensors scattered throughout the site.


Decisions and solutions can be made through the cyber-physical from the need of production in real time. The machines will not only receive commands but will also be able to provide information about the work …

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