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The world’s population rests at about 7.5 billion, and it’s expected to grow to around 9.8 billion by 2050. To feed that many people, we’ll need to produce 70 percent more food. One part of the solution to this growing demand could be smart farming powered by the Internet of Things.

The industry has quickly adopted this advanced technology. Between 2016 and 2022, the smart agriculture market is forecast to grow from $5.18 billion in 2016 to $11.23 billion, a 13.27 percent compound annual growth rate. How are farmers using this smart technology? Here are a few examples.

Crop Monitoring

By using sensors powered by the Internet of Things, meaning they connect to the internet and each other through that connection, farmers can get precise information about various factors that impact their farming operations. Depending on the sensors used, they can gather data on crop health and maturity, soil condition, water and fertiliser use and more.

Farmers can place these sensors in fields, underground and on drones that fly over farmlands. Sensors placed in the soil can measure characteristics such as soil moisture, acidity and air permeability.

Optical sensors placed on tractors, drones or satellites can analyse soil condition as well. They can also provide information …

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